Yoga is a discipline to improve or develop one’s inherent power in a balanced manner. It offers the mean to attain complete self-realization.

According to Merriam Webster definition of yoga is “a system of physical postures, breathing techniques and sometimes meditation derived from yoga but often practiced independently especially in western cultures to promote physical and emotional self-being.

Actual Definitions of Yoga:

Yoga is a spiritual discipline that is based on extremely subtle science and it is used to bring a harmony between mind and body. That is an art used for getting healthy life. Word yoga is originally derived the Sanskrit word yuj “to join” or “to yoke” or “to unite”.

In simple words in yoga breathing techniques, exercise and meditation are used for getting a healthy brain and body and it could be spiritual and physical. Yoga in simple words also defined as “the cessation of the modification of the mind”.

Purpose of Yoga:

 it is a very old physical and mental practice and its origin is Indus valley civilization. The main purpose of yoga is to create a harmony in the body and mind of the person and with the environment of the person. It helps in the mental ability development and also helps in the development of social, spiritual and physical health of the person. The main purpose of yoga is to increase awareness and decrease disease from the body of the person. It trains our body and mind to become aware of the nature of humans and environment.

Benefits of yoga:

Here are given some of the benefits of yoga to our mental and physical health.

Improve flexibility, strength and posture

➤ Better all-around fitness

➤ Weight loss

➤ Increase your energy

➤ Reduce stress

➤ Breath better

➤ Be happier

➤ Become more mindful

➤ Improve concentration and think clear

➤ Live longer

It is said that about yoga that “just 15 min of yoga a day can change your brain chemistry and improve mood.”

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Different yoga poses:

Here are given some of the poses of yoga that are commonly used in yoga. Names of the different poses of yoga are given bellow.

➤ The bridge yoga pose

➤ The downward dog yoga pose

➤ Child pose-balasana

➤ Easy pose-sukhasana

➤ Warrior 1- vira bhadrasana I

➤ Warrior 2- vira bhadrasana II

➤ Triangle-trikonasana

➤ Four limbed staff-chaturanga

➤ Cahir-utkatasana

➤ Tree-vrksasana

➤ Boat-navasana

➤ Crow-bakasana

➤ Arm balance-pincha mayurasana

➤ Corpse-savasana

➤ King dancer-natarajasana

Types of Yoga:

Following different types of yogas are explained below.

➤ Hatha yoga

➤ Lyengar yoga

➤ Kundalini yoga

➤ Ashtanga yoga

➤ Vinyasa yoga

➤ Bikram yoga

➤ Yin yoga

➤ Pestorative yoga

➤ Prenatal yoga

➤ Anusara yoga

➤ Jivanmukhti yoga

History of Yoga:

 it is developed from ancient India. Some of the origins of yoga are Indus valley civilization and pre-Vedic Eastern states of India. It is said by Gavin that “his dichotomization is too simplistic, for continuities can undoubtedly be found between renunciation and Vedis Brahmanism, while elements from non-Brahmanical, sramana traditions also played an important part in the formation of the renunciate ideal”.


 To conclude, I can say that yoga is a mental as well as physical practice that is essential for the brain health and for whole of the body.  Yoga brings calmness and satisfaction and creates understanding between person and environment. There are different poses of yoga that provide different benefits. It could be physical and also spiritual.