“An experience involving the apparent perception of something not present”.
Hearing once name while radio is playing and is one of the examples of Hallucination. This is also called as false perceptions and these false perceptions could be occur in any of the five sensory modalities and these five sensory modalities are seeing, hearing, tasting, feelings and smelling.
Medical Definition of Hallucinations:
“A hallucination may be a sensory experience in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste or feel something that is not there”.
Causes of Hallucinations:
Some of the causes of Hallucinations are given below. These causes are most common among people suffering from it.
Schizophrenia: people suffering from Schizophrenia can affected from Hallucinations and about 70 percent of them get visual Hallucination and around 60- 90 percent patients hear different voices during this mental problem.
Parkinson’s disease: people suffering from Parkinson’s disease can experience Hallucinations and almost half of the patients see things that aren’t there.
Alzheimer’s disease: this brings many changes to the brain that can further lead to Hallucinations. This is an advanced form of disease.
Migraines: this is a kind of headache and also called as “Aura”. This is a type of visual Hallucination.
Brain Tumor: depending upon place in brain it can cause different Hallucinations. It could cause Hallucinations of fears, see, smell or taste.
Charles Bonnet Syndromes: it is a disease of vision and can cause vision problem like muscular degeneration, glaucoma and cataract.
Epilepsy: in Epilepsy Seizures go along with this disease and the area that affected by seizures can have Hallucinations.
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Signs of Hallucinations:
Some of the symptoms that a person may experience suffering from this disease are given below.
➤ Changes arrive in brain functions according to age of the person.
➤ Unusual believes occur in mind.
➤ Depression or anxiety problems
➤ Visual or hearing problems occur in this disease
➤ Paranoid are aggressive behavior shout by the patients
➤ They showed belief in conspiracies
Types of Hallucinations:
In the changes occur in mind then at that time Hallucination can occur any time. Different types of Hallucinations can occur in brain of the person and these kinds are explained below.
➤ Auditory Hallucinations: this type of Hallucination occur when the person hear different voices like any voice or radio but that is not present there is called as auditory Hallucinations
➤ Visual Hallucination: In this type a person see the things that are not there actually for example a person or an animal.
➤ Olfactory Hallucinations: this is the smelling of something but that thing is not present there to whom the person smell.
➤ Gustatory Hallucinations: this is the Hallucination of taste and the person suffering from this problem taste the things that are not there and they did not eat.
➤ Tactile Hallucinations: this is a feeling of being touched by some person but in reality no one is there or touched him.
➤ Somatic Hallucinations: in this type a person feel some sensation in all over the body like crawling something on the skin but these sensations are unreal.
Hallucinations at Night:
The unreal or imagined sensation at night that seems very real to the person suffering from this disease is called as Hypnogogic Hallucinations. This is also called as sleep Hallucination.
Treatment for Hallucinations:
Some at home tips can reduce the symptoms of this disease and also helpful in this disease. Neurological or antipsychotic medications can control this disease.
➤ Atypical Antipsychotics: this medication work on blocking the neurotransmitters like Dopamine and these medications can also slow down the nerve signaling process and brain activity. Atypical Hallucinations are the best medication for Hallucinations.
➤ Adjusting Medicines doses are Switching Medications: some medications can cause Hallucinations and decreasing the dosage of those medications can reduce the risk.
Some other medications or remedies are also available for Hallucinations like withdrawal or depressants, transcraunial magnetic stimulation, coping strategies, cognitive behavior therapy, psycho education. Coping strategies include recognizing triggers and avoiding them, engaging with hobbies, listening to music, or watching television. Being physical active and lying down or going to sleep.