“Mood Disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest”

It is also called as clinical depression or depressive disorder. Scientific definition of depression is given below.

“A mental health condition marked by an overwhelming feeling of sadness, isolation and despair that affects how a person thinks, feel and functions.”

Real Meaning of Depression:

Real meaning of depression is feeling of severe despondency and dejection and along and severe recession in an economy or market. This word is derived from a Latin verb deprimere that mean “to press down”.

Symptoms of Depression:

Here are given ten symptoms that commonly found in a person suffering from depression.

Feelings of Helplessness and Hopelessness: Feeling hopeless and helpless is a very common symptom that mostly present in the patients of depression and the feeling like there is nothing that can do for improving the situation arose.

Loss of Interest in Daily Activities: In depression mostly people loss their joy and happiness from everything even they loss their interest from the daily activities of life. They loss their interest from their hobbies, social activities and even from everything.

Appetite or Weight Changes: People commonly loss or gain weight. Appetite sometime increase or decrease.

Sleep Changes: Sleep changes include Insomnia and oversleeping conditions that vary from person to person.

Anger or Irritability: In depression tolerance level became short. The person feels agitated, restless and sometimes became violent. That person takes everything on nerves.

Loss of Energy: The person suffering from depression feels drained, sluggish, and fatigue. The person feels tired all the time and takes too much time ever for small things. He feels exhausted all the time.

Self-Loathing: That person feels guilty or worthlessness all the time and always remains criticizing him for different mistakes. He feels worthless about him.

Reckless Behavior: Person suffering from depression mostly engaged in escapist behavior like abuse, compulsive, gambling, dangerous type of sport and reckless type of driving also.

Concentration Problems: He mostly feels concentration issues like lose concentration and faced trouble in focusing.

Unexplained Aches and Pains: Pains arrive unexpectedly like headache, back pain and pain on different parts of body.

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Types of Depression:

  Here are explained seven types of depression that affects the human brain.

Major Depressive disorder: This type if depression is also called as clinical depression and this type of depression is a mood disorder that is characterized by some features and these feature are explained below:

➤   Depression mood

➤   Lacking Interest in the activities that are mostly enjoyed by any person

➤   Weight changes

➤   Sleep changes

➤   Fatigue

➤   Feeling of guilt and worthlessness

➤   Difficulty in concentrating

Persistent Depressive Disorder:  It is also known as dysthymia. It is chronic type of depression. This type of depression can be mild, moderate, or severe. Some of the symptoms are feelings of sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, anger and irritability, feeling of guilt etc.

Bipolar Disorder: It is a mood disorder and characterized by Mania. Mania is abnormally elevated mood. Symptoms of this type of depression are fatigue, insomnia and lethargy, and unexplained aches, pains, hopelessness, loss of self-esteem, irritability, anxiety and disorganization.

Post-Partum Depression: Significant hormonal shifts in pregnancy that affects women more moods are known as postpartum depression. Symptoms are low mood, feelings of sadness, severe mood swings, and social withdrawals, trouble bonding with your baby and appetite changes.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Symptoms for this type of depression are irritability, Fatigue, anxiety, moodiness, blotting, increased appetite, food craving and aches.

Seasonal Affective Disorders: In this depression patient feels sleepiness and weight gain in winter but in summer he feel perfectly fine. That’s why this is called as seasonal affective disorder.

Atypical Depression: Symptoms are excessive eating or weight gain, excessive sleep, fatigue and weakness.


There are three ways that are commonly used for treating depression that are cognitive behavior therapy, inter-personal therapy and psychodynamic therapy.


To conclude, I can say depression is a long term disease that affects the brain badly and destroys the brain health. This is the feeling of hopelessness and helplessness. There are different symptoms of depression with different kinds that are commonly known. Every type has its own symptoms. It is so much essential to treat this disease in time.